In any type of soap-making activity such as organic soap production, the first aspect to consider before starting off with the exercise is what ingredients or soap making supplies required. These depend upon the specific kind of soap one is trying to make. For organic soaps, one requires preparing the supplies below:
1. Soap Base
The practice of making soaps becomes easy when using a soap base. It comes in handy and is normally utilized for the melting and pouring stage of making soap. Just as raw soap, the soap base comprises of essential oils and oil fragrances as well as colorants. One can find soap making supplies of this nature in diverse varieties like glycerine, castile, shea butter, goat milk, cocoa butter along with specialty bases such as oatmeal, honey and olive oil.
Caustic Soda is another name for Lye, which is applied in the cold process of making soaps involving addition of water and fats or lard or fats onto it. Lye is available in solid dry form like pellets, flakes, beads and powder. It also comes In solution and aqueous forms. This chemical substance is corrosive and can lead to burns and injuries on skin and even blindness if it comes into contact with the eyes.
3. Carrier Oil
Known also as base or vegetable oil, carrier oil is utilized for diluting essential oils and helping these oils percolate into skin. A majority of carrier oils are obtained from fruit seeds, pressed vegetables or nuts that include grape seed oil, olive oil, avocado, sunflower seed, canola (rapeseed), jojoba, sesame, pecan, sweet almond, macadamia and walnut.
4. Essential Oils or Fragrance
Ethereal or volatile oils are the other references used when referring to essential oils. These soap making supplies are extracted from plants for their fragrance or aroma. They are blended with carrier oils and used for adding fragrance into consumer organic soaps. The essential oils are obtained from an array of plant-parts namely seeds, leaves, flowers and peelings as well as wood.
Other basic constituents for making herbal, natural soaps and other varieties of soap are:
1. Natural Ingredients
It is vital to buy soap making supplies like natural extracts which are added onto a mixture of soap base to afford soap its unique characteristic. A number of natural-ingredient varieties such as relaxants, exfoliants and cleaning as well as moisturizing agents may be employed in soaps for different objectives too.
These are containers into which the soap mixture gets poured and is allowed to harden and assume its distinctive shape. Soap molds are available in various sizes, shapes and even materials. As well, there are novelty soaps made to suit special occasions that a soap-maker can have molds specifically customized for them.
Colorants are soap making supplies utilized for imparting color onto soap. Food coloring may be utilized as colorant. Micas and pigments come in diverse colors. Earth tone metallic glitters and micas are available too for enhancing aesthetic appeal of soaps.
Equipment like stainless steel pans or pots, mixing bowls, double boiler pans, blender or miller along with a microwave or stove can also be helpful when making organic soap.
Safety equipment like goggles and rubber gloves are important to wear too when handling hazardous materials such as lye. One also requires a weighing scale for measuring ingredients, plastic or stainless steel mixing spoons, pitcher, thermometer and aprons along with pot holders.